Emergency Preparedness Tips:
- Identify your risks. For example, if you live near a creek that has previously flooded in winter storms, be prepared with sandbags. Monitor local radio and television stations during bad weather or potential emergency situations.
- Create a family disaster plan. Decide where to meet if you are evacuated and identify an out-of-state relative you can agree to call. Plan how you’ll take care of your family’s pets.
- Practice your family disaster plan. Go to the specific meeting place you agree upon.
- Build a disaster supply kit for your home and car. Include at least a 3-day supply of non-perishable food and water for all family members including your pets. It should contain a first aid kit, battery-powered radio and flashlights with extra batteries. Also pack a change of clothing and footwear, blankets and needed medications. In the event of pandemic influenza, residents should consider setting aside 10 days to two weeks worth of supplies.
- Prepare your children for the possibility of emergencies. Talk about what the risks are and what they should do. Teach them to call 9-1-1 to report an emergency situation.
- Remember to plan for people who have special needs, such as infants, seniors and people with disabilities. Include the special supplies they may need, such as foods for infants. Also, consider the needs of neighbors or family members who might need help in evacuating.
- Learn first aid and CPR. Call the American Red Cross about classes, 530-885-9392. Your training could save the life of a loved one or neighbor following an emergency.
- Eliminate the hazards in your home or workplace whenever possible. Secure tall furniture and water heaters so they don’t fall down during an earthquake. Make sure you have 100 feet of defensible space around your home to help protect it from wild land fire.
- Understand post 9-11 risks. In the event of a chemical or toxic exposure – or bombs and explosives – do not panic. If you hear an explosion, take cover under a sturdy table, then exit as quickly as possible. If you are trapped in debris, cover your mouth with clothing to avoid breathing dust. Whistle or tap on a pipe or wall to alert rescuers.
- Become a volunteer. Take classes to become part of an American Red Cross disaster action team or Community Emergency Response Team. Give blood. Volunteer as part of a Fire Safe Council.
Safety in the Heat:
Click this link for information about the Elderly and Heat
Click here for Heat Emergency Tips
Drink plenty of fluids:
- During hot weather you will need to increase your fluid intake, regardless of your activity level. Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink. During heavy exercise in a hot environment, drink two to four glasses (16–32 ounces) of cool fluids each hour.
Replace Salt and Minerals:
- Heavy sweating removes salt and minerals from the body. These are necessary for your body and must be replaced. If you must exercise, drink two to four glasses of cool, nonalcoholic fluids each hour. A sports beverage can replace the salt and minerals you lose in sweat. However, if you are on a low-salt diet, talk with your doctor before drinking a sports beverage or taking salt tablets.
Wear Appropriate Clothing and Sunscreen:
- Wear as little clothing as possible when you are at home. Choose lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing. Sunburn affects your body’s ability to cool itself and causes a loss of body fluids. It also causes pain and damages the skin. If you must go outdoors, protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat (also keeps you cooler) along with sunglasses, and by putting on sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher
Schedule Outdoor Activities Carefully:
- If you must be outdoors, try to limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours. Try to rest often in shady areas so that your body’s thermostat will have a chance to recover.
- If you are not accustomed to working or exercising in a hot environment, start slowly and pick up the pace gradually. If exertion in the heat makes your heart pound and leaves you gasping for breath, STOP all activity. Get into a cool area or at least into the shade, and rest, especially if you become lightheaded, confused, weak, or faint.
Stay Cool Indoors:
- Stay indoors and, if at all possible, stay in an air-conditioned place. If your home does not have air conditioning, go to the shopping mall or public library—even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat.
Use a Buddy System:
- When working in the heat, monitor the condition of your co-workers and have someone do the same for you. Heat-induced illness can cause a person to become confused or lose consciousness. If you are 65 years of age or older, have a friend or relative call to check on you twice a day during a heat wave. If you know someone in this age group, check on them at least twice a day.
Monitor Those at High Risk:
- Although any one at any time can suffer from heat-related illness, some people are at greater risk than others. Frequently check on those at high risk: Infants and children up to four years of age
- People 65 years of age or older may not compensate for heat stress efficiently and are less likely to sense and respond to change in temperature.
- People who are overweight may be prone to heat sickness because of their tendency to retain more body heat.
- People who overexert during work or exercise may become dehydrated and susceptible to heat sickness.
- People who are physically ill, especially with heart disease or high blood pressure, or who take certain medications, such as for depression, insomnia, or poor circulation, may be affected by extreme heat.
Adjust to the Environment:
- Be aware that any sudden change in temperature, such as an early summer heat wave, will be stressful to your body. You will have a greater tolerance for heat if you limit your physical activity until you become accustomed to the heat. If you travel to a hotter climate, allow several days to become acclimated before attempting any vigorous exercise, and work up to it gradually.
Use Common Sense:
- Avoid hot foods and heavy meals— they add heat to your body.
- Drink plenty of fluids and replace salts and minerals in your body.
- Dress infants and children in cool, loose clothing and shade their heads and faces with hats or an umbrella.
- Limit sun exposure during mid-day hours and in places of potential severe exposure such as beaches.
- Do not leave infants, children, or pets in a parked car.
- Provide plenty of fresh water for your pets, and leave the water in a shady area.
Winter Inclement Weather Traveling Tips:
- Drive SLOWLY
- Keep a safe distance between vehicles.
- Be prepared: carry chains, blankets, food, water, cold weather clothing, flashlights and a radio in your car.
- Have an emergency plan; tell someone where you are going and give them your itinerary.
- Avoid traveling through deep standing water on the roads.
- Pay attention to all road closures.
- Don’t travel alone, if at all possible.
- Keep your vehicle full of fuel and windshield washer fluid that does not freeze.
- Dial 9-1-1 only to report an emergency or to request emergency assistance.
Flood Safety Tips:
- Remember that floodwaters are deceptive. Don't try to walk through floodwaters that are more than knee-deep.
- Do not drive where water is over the roads. Part of the road may be washed out.
- If your car stalls in a flooded area, abandon it as soon as possible. Floodwaters could rise very quickly and sweep both the car and its occupants away.
- Keep a portable, battery-operated radio available for emergency information. The radio in your car could serve this purpose. Local Emergency Broadcast stations are KFBK - AM 1530 - and KAHI - AM 950.
- California Road Information - 800-427-ROAD (7623)
- Sierra Pacific Power – 530-546-1700
- Nevada Road Information – 1-877-687-6237
- Placer Co. Road Dept. – 530-581-6222