A minor has committed a crime and placed on formal probation
Three Basic Levels of Crimes
- The least serious offense, specific statute, rule or local ordinance and is generally punishable by a fine. Many motor vehicle violations are considered infractions.
- A less serious offense, for which the offender may be sentenced to probation, county jail, juvenile detention facility, a fine, or some combination.
- The most serious type of crime, for which an offender may be sentenced to state prison, Department of Juvenile Justice, county jail or juvenile detention facility.
A Minor is Contacted by Law Enforcement
- A police officer issues the minor a citation and then releases the minor to their parent.
- If released to parent, the Probation Department will review the case to determine the appropriate level of intervention.
- The Probation Department will contact the minor and parent/guardian regarding the case.
- A police officer arrests the minor and takes the minor to the Placer County Juvenile Detention Facility.
- The probation officers will assess the minor at intake to determine if the minor can be released to his/her parent or remain detained.
Released to Parent with a Citation:
- A crime is reported to law enforcement.
- Law enforcement will conduct an investigation.
- The minor is physically detained/searched.
- Citation issued and minor released to parent with a possible Promise to Appear in court.
- The law enforcement report is then forwarded to the Probation Department for review.
Probation Department Review Process
- A Probation Officer will review the law enforcement report to determine seriousness of the case and the appropriate level of probation services.
- The case can be referred to:
- Law Enforcement Diversion Program
- Alternative Intervention Program (AIP)
- Citation Hearing
- Traffic Hearing
- District Attorney for prosecution ;
Mandatory Referral to the District Attorney
- Serious violent crimes listed in 707(b) W&I offenses
- 2nd felony referral; under 14 years of age
- Felony; 14 years old (or older)
- Sale/Possession for sale of controlled substance
- 11350 or 11377 H&S: Drugs on School Grounds
- 245.5 PC: Battery on school employee
- 626.9 PC: Firearm on school grounds
- 626.10 PC: Weapon on school grounds
- 186.22 PC: Gang Activity
- Previous 654 W&I: Informal Handling
- Restitution Over $1,000
- 487h PC: Grand Theft or 10851 VC: Vehicle Theft by 14 year old (or older)
Probation can make Referrals to the District
- Attorney for these additional reasons:
- Criminal sophistication
- Probability of rehabilitation
- Delinquency history
- Prior rehabilitative attempts
- Present offense- gravity/circumstances
- Home/school/community problems
- Chronic family problems
- Denial/dispute of charges or conduct
- Welfare of the minor- safety/protection of public
- Referring party/agency recommendation