What are the different types of EVs?

There are several kinds of EVs, including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). Each type of EV is listed below in the table and as well as an image that provides a comparison between them.

HEVA vehicle that combines an internal combustion engine with an electric motor. Through regenerative braking, the vehicle can be ‘charged’ by the power the gasoline-fueled combustion engine creates. 
PHEVAlso, a vehicle that combines an internal combustion engine with a battery-powered electric motor. However, HEVs and PHEVs differ in that PHEVs can be plugged-in and charged by the electrical grid, but if you run out of energy, the internal combustion engine can serve as a backup power source.
BEVAn all-electric vehicle that, instead of using gasoline, can be plugged into the electrical grid, charging a large battery that powers one or more electric motors. Driving a BEV does not produce any tailpipe emissions; they are considered zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs).
A vehicle powered by electricity, but unlike a PHEV or BEV, it does not receive electricity from plugging into the electrical grid. A FCEV contains fuel cells that are stacked together to create a chemical reaction between hydrogen gas from the vehicle’s tank and oxygen in the air outside to produce electricity. FCEVs can be refueled at hydrogen fueling stations. They also do not produce any tailpipe emissions, only water vapor and hot air, and are considered ZEV.

Comparison of EV Types

Show All Answers

1. What is an EV?
2. What are the different types of EVs?
3. What are the different types of EV charging options and their charging speeds?
4. Are EVs cost competitive with ICE vehicles?
5. Do EVs have sufficient range and performance to handle daily travel needs?
6. Where can I find EV charging stations?
7. Are EVs safe?